Foundations notes

Rules in Practical method translated to English link

Shou Ji Shi Fang/ Withdraw is to issue  video
Hong Junsheng's 10 Character Dictum
chu shou bu chu zhou, shou zhou bu shou shou
出手不出肘,收肘不收手
hand out no elbow, elbow in no hand
When pushing out, the hand leads, the elbow can only follow on the movement path. When withdrawing, the elbow leads, and hand is being pulled back.

5 Nos video
1 no hands, stay on point
2 no waist, only rotate
3 no hips/buttocks, only go under
4 no shoulders, only go down
5 no knees, only one up and one down

Three count positive circle
1 elbow in
2 turn waist
3 hand out

Nine count positive circle
1 elbow in
2 front shoulder down
3 front hip down
4 rear hip down
5 rear knee down
6 rear hip down
7 front hip down
8 front shoulder down
9 hand out

Stance
3 calf lengths wide horse stance on a line
front foot points 45 degrees from parallel with heel on the line
rear foot 90 degrees from parallel with toe on the line

Three fixed targets
Front hand (finger)
Front knee
Rear knee

Nine Joints
The body has 18 joints used in taijiquan, nine on each side.
1 wrist
2 elbow
3 shoulder
4 ankle
5 knee
6 hip
7 neck
8 chest
9 waist

Three Joint Theory video
All actions must have one fixed joint, one moving joint, and one joint that move towards the fixed joint on a line like a folding door.

Three Lines
1 front knee through center
2 head through center
3 rear knee through center

Three Vertical Lines
1 Front shoulder through front hip
2 Head through center
3 Rear shoulder through rear hip

13 Postures
1 Peng = to enlarge, to expand
2 Lu = to lengthen towards self.
3 Ji = to lengthen towards opponent, to make heavy (sink) and squeeze out space
4 An = to push to cause separation and disengagement
5 Cai = to break in the opponent’s end. (three ends: opponent, middle, self);  to uproot through pulling with acceleration, creating a variation of speed in the opponent’s body (based on Lu)
6 Lie = to break in the middle (based on Lu)
7 Zhou = to twist so that two directions are simultaneously engaged
8 Kao = hitting with a large area of the body
9 gu=Gaze left
10 pan=Gaze right
11 jin=Advance
12 tui=Retreat
13 ding=Center, central equilibrium

Requirements of Practical Method Chen Taijiquan practice

1 All moves must be a positive circle or negative circle, or a partial circle
2 When pushing out, the hand leads, the elbow can only follow on the movement path. When withdrawing, the elbow leads, and hand is being pulled back.
3 Hand cannot cross center line
4 Upper and lower body cannot be synchronized
5 Left and right side body movements must be separated
6 Hand must spin outward from center of body, elbow must spin inward toward the center
7 Hand can only travel in the area of the eyebrow to the dantien
8 The body must be centered, torso perpendicular to the ground, spine straight, relaxed and light
9 In a positive circle the hand and shoulder are always higher than the elbow, elbow is always lower than the shoulder and hand, the shoulder should be pulled down toward the hip
10 In a negative circle the hand can be lower than the elbow at the end of the second half of the circle
11 When applying a technique the point of contact must be fixed and never move
12 Upper body and hands can only be used for adjustments
13 Movement and power can only come from the feet
14 Waist cannot move or toss
15 the hip joint must be open
16 the knees can only move up and down
17 dang area must be held tight and rounded
18 the tailbone must pull down and poke back to form a triangle between the two feet

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